1750 london earthquake

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This wasn’t the first, nor the last, year in which the earth would move under London. The. On Thursday, February 8, about noon, the first earthquake of the year struck. The warmth and dryness of the spring, and probably the smoke from the coal-fires of the city, had increased the accumulation of sulphurous exhalations, and thence of meteors, which he believed to be composed of 'inflammable vapours'. The night of January 16, 1750, was clear and calm at Stalbridge in Derbyshire. Tremor in Fleet-street, 1750. London in 1750 is described in the introduction to Earthquake Hymns, Pt. founded by Edward Cave, alias 'Sylvanus Urban', in 1731). But it was the warnings of the bishop of London, Thomas Sherlock, that attracted the most attention. One earthquake was remarkable, but two earthquakes in a month was unprecedented. 1750. Language English. Some went to Windsor, or even further, and waited in the fields, or lay in boats all night. Steward to the earl of cardigan Steward Published: 01 January 1750 Page(s): 721 -723 1753. John Wesley was in London (Charles currently serving in Bristol) and records the event in his Journal. He pointed out that the shocks were confined to London and its environs, and were therefore 'immediately directed' at that city, and sneered at the 'little philosophers', who saw earthquakes only as natural phenomena. In Lincolnshire, the earthquake was described by a, correspondent, 'E.A. London Earthquake. An airquake was no more to be feared than a clap of thunder; it might throw down a few tottery structures, but also brought benefit by purifying the atmosphere. A slight tremor occurred on 9 March, and then came a powerful rumour: a third shock, exactly a month after the second one, would swallow up London. Those that are felt generally cause very little damage. Just after 12.30pm on 8 February 1750, Britain’s lord chancellor was sitting in Westminster Hall with the Courts of King’s Bench and Chancery when the room began to shake. Part of an old wall in Northampton was thrown down, a lady in Kelmarsh was tossed from her chair, and all over the shaken district people ran into the street. Thank you for subscribing to HistoryExtra, you now have unlimited access. The bishop indicated some of the modern manifestations that must have aroused divine displeasure: vast numbers of books which either disputed or ridiculed “the great truths of religion”, the swearing and blasphemy constantly heard on the streets of London, and 'the unnatural lewdness', for which God had destroyed Sodom, which could 'hardly be mentioned without offending chaste ears'. Crockery was thrown from household shelves; a lady of Piccadilly, a connoisseur of old china, had her collection instantly ruined. Given his standing in London society, Whiston’s ideas were seriously discussed. In 1580, an earthquake beneath the English Channel collapsed part of the white cliffs at Dover, killed two children in London, rang the great bell in the Palace of Westminster and was referred to in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. The second tremor had been more violent. "Historically, there have been two other significant events nearby - a magnitude 5.0 earthquake in 1878 and a magnitude 4.3 earthquake in 1750. The damage happened to be worst in the areas controlled by Simón Bolívar’s recently proclaimed First Republic of Venezuela and relatively light in areas sympathetic to the colonial ruler, Spain – a fact immediately exploited by the local Catholic authorities, who supported Spain. In Leadenhall Street, part of a chimney fell. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake became history’s leading example of how a great earthquake can trigger the ‘creative destruction’ of a city. To plays, to sports!To midnight revels! Although small – with an estimated magnitude of just 2.6, according to today’s British Geological Survey – the epicentre of the 8 February quake was shallow and centred beneath the capital, apparently around London Bridge. By entering your details, you are agreeing to HistoryExtra terms and conditions and privacy policy. It is probable that...great concussions of the air do often, if not always, owe their origin to...exhalations lifting from below.” While the philosophers disputed, clergymen insisted that “Earthquakes are under the divine management, and are made use of by God to fulfil his pleasure”. 8 February 1750 London, England ~2.6 8 March 1750 London, England ~3.1 The last … You will shortly receive a receipt for your purchase via email. The fire that destroyed three-quarters of San Francisco over three days in 1906 was started by an earthquake that disabled the water supply of the city, including its fire hydrants. About 8 p.m., a not unfamiliar sight appeared in the north. Those in the open spaces of the city felt the ground move 'very perceptibly'. ), in the morning, an area 20 miles round Wimbourn in Dorset was shaken by one violent shock, accompanied by a sound like the thunder of artillery. I awaked a little after Five; I Open'd my Curtains, and observed the Sky hazy. Then a second fiery cloud, larger than the first, rose to the apex of the sky. Now the phenomenon was directly above Oxford, throwing out rays of multi-coloured light, and onlookers acclaimed it 'a most glorious appearance'. Three days of great heat ripened the corn before its time; several labourers died in the fields, and many burdened horses fell dead in the roads. An airquake was no more to be feared than a clap of thunder; it might throw down a few tottery structures, but also brought benefit by purifying the atmosphere. Some citizens, to the annoyance of the clergy, professed to be careless about the business, and sent each other cards: “I invite your ladyship to the Earthquake on ----- next'. A faint aurora sent up its beams for an hour or so before fading; then, about 9 p.m., an 'extraordinary phenomenon' took form in the southern sky. In a letter to the clergy and inhabitants of London, he called on them to “give attention to all the warnings which. The shock had been felt in France, Belgium, and Holland. ', who was shaken by it as he lay awake in bed, as “a sound from the earth, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it shook all the house with every thing that was therein.” E.A. Instead, there were theories about cannon-fire and exploding powder magazines. a remarkable range of interests, including geology. 11; quoted in Wiesner, ed., Discovering the Western Past). A vast semi-circular arch, like a rainbow, but very much larger and of a vivid red colour, sent up wavering streams almost to the zenith. However, Londoners were not heeding a shock that was beyond living memory; it was their recent tremor that worried them. Another philosopher called the airquake notion 'whimsical'. London has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 0 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 0 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 2 earthquakes in the past 365 days The summer was also remarkable for its thunderstorms. And no attempt was made to introduce anti-seismic emergency and building regulations. Sherlock’s A Letter to the Clergy and Inhabitants of London and Westminster… on Occasion of the Late Earthquakes apparently sold 10,000 copies in two days, was reprinted several times, and is said to have sold more than 100,000 copies in less than six months. , a slaughterhouse collapsed, and Holland no attempt was made to introduce anti-seismic emergency building. Three inches round, and in Grosvenor Square residents ran out of their almost! 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